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Reisterstown

February 2022

Tuesday, 22 February 2022 00:00

The Five Phases of Walking

A normal stride, or way of walking, includes five distinct phases: Heel-Strike, Support, Toe-Off, Leg Lift, and Swing. In the Heel-Strike phase, the leading foot makes contact with the ground heel first. The rest of the foot then follows suit in the Support phase, contacting the ground while forcing pass through the leg. In the Toe-Off phase, the foot prepares to leave the ground starting with the heel and ending with the toes. Once the foot is off the ground, the lower leg works to raise it during this Leg Lift phase to prepare for the final phase: the Swing phase. In this phase, the raised leg moves in a forward motion, propelling the body forward. There are various foot conditions that can alter this normal pattern of walking, as well as neurological conditions, skeletal deformities, medical conditions, obesity, arthritis, sensory or motor deficiencies, peripheral arterial disease, and more. If you believe your gait is being compromised in some way, make an appointment with a podiatrist who can perform a biomechanical gait analysis and discuss ways to help correct any abnormalities.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Mark Spier from Maryland. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Columbia and Reisterstown, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 15 February 2022 00:00

Why Should I Visit a Podiatrist?

It is very common and beneficial for families to see a doctor for annual checkups on a regular basis, and by extension, it may be a good idea to schedule regular visits with a podiatrist to check on your foot health. Podiatrists are doctors who specialize in the care of your lower limbs and feet. Among the conditions they treat are ingrown toenails, heel and arch pain, skin problems, balance issues, foot and ankle sprains, and fungal infections. It is particularly important to see a podiatrist on a regular basis if you have arthritis or diabetes, which can result in serious foot problems, such as foot ulcers, poor circulation, or neuropathy. A podiatrist can also help with structural foot conditions, such as bunions, hammertoes, and flat feet, and can make custom orthotics for you to help with heel pain, such as plantar fasciitis, and other painful conditions, like Morton’s neuroma. When you experience any new or chronic foot ailments, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you are experiencing pain in the feet or ankles, don’t join the stubborn majority refusing treatment. Feel free to contact Dr. Mark Spier from Maryland. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Podiatrist?

Someone would seek the care of a podiatrist if they have suffered a foot injury or have common foot ailments such as heal spurs, bunions, arch problems, deformities, ingrown toenails, corns, foot and ankle problems, etc.

Podiatric Treatment

A podiatrist will treat the problematic areas of the feet, ankle or lower leg by prescribing the following:

  • Physical therapy
  • Drugs
  • Orthotic inserts or soles
  • Surgery on lower extremity fractures

A common podiatric procedure a podiatrist will use is a scanner or force plate which will allow the podiatrist to know the designs of orthotics. Patients are then told to follow a series of tasks to complete the treatment. The computer will scan the foot a see which areas show weight distribution and pressure points. The podiatrist will read the analysis and then determine which treatment plans are available.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Columbia and Reisterstown, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 08 February 2022 00:00

The Brannock Device

If you’ve ever been to a shoe store and had your feet measured, the salesperson likely used a portable metal tool called a Brannock device. This handy item can determine the length and width of your feet, ensuring that you know what size shoes you should be wearing. There are various types of Brannock devices. Some are made specifically for men’s, women’s, or children’s feet. Others are built for sizing specific types of shoes, such as sneakers or ski boots. To find out your shoe size, it is strongly suggested that you go to a store where your feet can be properly measured. Wearing the correct shoe size can significantly benefit your foot health. To learn more about how the fit of your footwear affects your feet, please consult with a podiatrist. 

Getting the right shoe size is an important part of proper foot health. Seek the assistance of Dr. Mark Spier from Maryland. Our doctor will provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Getting the Right Shoe Size

There are many people who wear shoes that are the incorrect size, negatively affecting their feet and posture. Selecting the right shoes is not a difficult process, so long as you keep several things in mind when it comes to choosing the right pair.

  • When visiting the shoe store, use the tools available to measure your foot.
  • Be sure there is ‘wiggle room’. There should be about an inch between your toes and the tip of your shoes.
  • Do not always assume you are the same size, as manufacturers run differently.
  • Purchase shoes later in the day, as your feet swell as the day progresses.
  • If a shoe is not comfortable, it is not suitable. Most shoes can’t be ‘broken in’, and comfort should be the ultimate goal when it comes to choosing the right pair of shoes

As our feet hold our body weight and keep us moving, it is important to treat them right. Picking the right pair of shoes can provide your feet comfort and mobility without pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Columbia and Reisterstown, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 07 February 2022 00:00

Wounds That Don't Heal Need to Be Checked

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Tuesday, 01 February 2022 00:00

How Blisters Serve a Purpose

When skin becomes damaged due to friction, a small bubble of fluid can form in the epidermis in order to protect the layers of skin beneath it which allow the skin to heal. Blisters are typically filled with a clear serum, but in some cases where there is excess pressure or friction, the sac may fill with blood. If the blister becomes infected, pus may collect in the blister. An infected blister may also become red, swollen, or painful. Most blisters will heal on their own if they are left alone, allowing the new skin to grow underneath it. Blisters should not be popped, as they provide a protective barrier that keeps bacteria away from the damaged skin to ward off further damage and infection. Wearing shoes that fit properly and are flexible can go a long way in avoiding blisters from forming. Socks that are clean and keep moisture away from the skin are also beneficial, as moist skin can blister more easily. If a blister becomes infected, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist who can help cure the infection, help your skin to heal, and offer preventive methods to avoid the formation of blisters.

Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If your feet are hurting, contact Dr. Mark Spier of Maryland. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.

What Are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

How Do Blisters Form?

Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.

Prevention & Treatment

It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a Band-Aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a podiatrist.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Columbia and Reisterstown, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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